• Alcohol Facts
  • Crack is a form of cocaine that has been chemically altered so that it can be smoked. The process changes cocaine into a chemical "base" which places it in a category of cocaine known as freebase.
  • Crack cocaine is processed with ammonia or sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) and water. It is then heated to remove the hydrochloride producing a form of cocaine that can be smoked.
  • The rocks are nicknamed ‘Crack’ because of the crackling sound they make as they are smoked.
  • Repeated, heavy use of crack eventually decreases sexuality, often leading to total abstinence from sex. Impotence in males may also occur.
Cocaine and Crack
Cocaine and crack are both powerfully addictive drugs. Once an individual has tried either of these two drugs they cannot predict or control the extent to which they may continue to use them.

Cocaine is taken by sniffing, snorting, or injecting. When taken the drug is inhaled through the nose where it is absorbed into the bloodstream through the nasal tissues. When the drug is injected the user takes a needle and releases the drug directly into the bloodstream. Crack is taken by smoking the drug. Smoking involves inhaling the crack vapor or smoke into the lungs where it is absorbed into the bloodstream. This form of administration is as rapid as injecting cocaine.

Cocaine is a white powder that is commonly sold in aluminum foil, plastic or paper packets, or small vials. Users usually chop it into a fine powder with a razor blade creating rows of cocaine called "lines". It is then quickly inhaled using a short straw or rolled up bill. Crack is often smoked in pipes constructed of glass or bowls fitted with fine mesh screens. The user heats the side of the pipe and inhales the smoke.

Both cocaine and crack have high abuse potential, but it has been found that when the drugs are smoked extremely high doses of the drug reach the users brain very quickly. This brings a more intense and immediate high, meaning a user who smokes the drug is more likely to become addicted to it faster than those who do not use this method of administration.

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